Organic Sulfur Compounds of Petroleum (Sulfur Reports Series)

by G. Bolshakov

Publisher: Routledge

Written in English
Published: Pages: 290 Downloads: 670
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  • Organic chemistry,
  • Science / Chemistry / General
The Physical Object
Number of Pages290
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL12860094M
ISBN 103718603551
ISBN 109783718603558

Sulfur compounds are among the most important heteroatomic constituents of petroleum, and although there are many varieties of sulfur compounds (Speight, , ), the prevailing conditions during the formation, maturation, and even in situ alteration may dictate that only preferred types exist in any particular crude oil. Sulfur compounds are chemical compounds containing sulfur ions. Sulfur comes in several forms: oxidation states of -2 (hydrogen sulfide), +4 (sulfur dioxide, sulfites) and +6 (sulfuric acid, sulfates) are most common, although there are other oxidation states. compounds in crude oil are hydrocarbons (organic compounds composed of carbon and hydrogen atoms). Other compounds in crude oil contain not only carbon and hydrogen, but also small (but important) amounts of other (“hetero”-) elements – most notably sulfur, as well as nitrogen and certain metals (e.g., nickel, vanadium, etc.).File Size: KB. This report reviews early sulfur literature covering petroleum sulfur compound identifications completed before this study was begun, and cites 58 papers resulting from this work. The sulfur compounds in petroleum, both as to type and quantity, have long been a concern to the petroleum industry, and such compositional data are not only of.

Sulfur compounds with halogens include sulfur hexafluoride, sulfur dichloride, and chlorosulfuric acid. Thionyl chloride is a common reagent in organic synthesis. Tetrasulfur tetranitride and thiocyanates are compounds of sulfur and nitrogen. Phosphorus sulfides are . Petroleum or crude oil is a naturally occurring, flammable, complex and variable mixture of hydrocarbons plus other organic compounds in the liquid state. Petroleum contains 87% carbon, 10 to 14% hydrogen, with trace amounts of nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur. The sulfur content of . Sulfur compounds such as sulfur oxides (SO x) are generated and emitted from operations in the petroleum industry which have negative effects on the environment. This study gives a critical and detailed introduction to the control and treatment of sulfur compounds specially sulfur oxides (SO x) emissions from the petroleum industry. Full text of "Bibliography of organic sulfur compounds ()" See other formats.

Determination of Sulfur The determination of volatile organic sulfur compounds may be conducted in the manner described by Martin and Grant (18). A satisfactory procedure for the total organic sulfur, whether volatile or non-volatile, is that described by Belcher (A). Removal of organic sulfur compounds, especially aromatic sulfur compounds from an FCC feedstock with minimal adsorption of aromatic hydrocarbons is achieved using a zeolite X exchanged with alkali or alkaline earth cations. KX is an especially effective adsorbent. Where the KX is loaded with a group VIII metal, particular palladium or platinum, the adsorbent is effectively regenerated by Cited by:

Organic Sulfur Compounds of Petroleum (Sulfur Reports Series) by G. Bolshakov Download PDF EPUB FB2

By the I s r a e l P r o g r a m for Scientific Translations. Title Authors R. Obolentsev Reference () Organic sulfur compounds of petroleum origin Installation for the Chromatographie separation of organic sulfur compounds from petroleum d i s tillates N. Ivanova () Mirkhaidarova and Ya. Nel'kenbaum.

The main aim of this study was to evaluate how the distribution of sulfur compounds could be applied in correlation studies and as maturity parameters. The work was concentrated on sulfur-containing aromatic compounds, using gas chromatography with dual FID/FPD for the detection of aromatic hydrocarbons and sulfur aromatic compounds.

In considering the sulfur-containing compounds obtainable from petroleum and its fractions five principal topics are discussed—sulfur compound types that occur in petroleum and its fractions; methods of identifying, determining, and naming sulfur compounds; the chemical and physical properties of the sulfur compounds likely to be found in petroleum fractions; the effect of the various.

Coal, petroleum, and natural gas contain sulfur compounds. Allotropy. In sulfur, allotropy arises from two sources: (1) the different modes of bonding atoms into a single molecule and (2) packing of polyatomic sulfur molecules into different crystalline and amorphous forms.

Some 30 allotropic forms of sulfur have been reported, but some of. Organosulfur compound, a subclass of organic substances that contain sulfur and that are known for their varied occurrence and unusual properties. Organosulfur compounds occur in the bodies of all living creatures in the form of certain essential amino acids, enzymes, coenzymes, vitamins, and hormones.

Sulfur (in British English, sulphur) is a chemical element with the symbol S and atomic number It is abundant, multivalent, and normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with a chemical formula S tal sulfur is a bright yellow, crystalline solid at room temperature.

Sulfur is the tenth most common element by mass in the universe, and the fifth Alternative name: sulphur (British spelling). Purchase Organic Sulfur Compounds - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. Get this from a library. Chemistry of organic sulfur compounds in petroleum and petroleum products = (Khimiya sera-organicheskikh soedineniĭ, soderzhashchikhsya v neftyakh i nefteproduktakh) Proceedings of the 2d scientific session.

[Akademii︠a︡ nauk SSSR. Bashkirskiĭ filial.;]. Organic Sulfur Book. 92 likes. The only eBook sharing the findings from the US "Sulfur Study" founded by Patrick McGean, with case studies, research and facts about organic ers: What are and why take organic sulfur crystals.

The short version: because your health and well-being depend upon it. Now for the long version: MSM or methylsulfonymethane is an organic sulfur compound that is well known for its health benefits for joints. Stanley Jacob, professor of Surgery at the Oregon Health Sciences University in [ ].

Molecular characterization of sulfur-containing species in petroleum is important because sulfur-containing compounds are detrimental to the environment and the refining processes. Sulfur in Petroleum: Petroleum Desulfurization Techniques: /ch This chapter describes the occurrence of organosulfur compounds in petroleum, their detrimental effects and various techniques for removal of these by: 2.

A single calibration equation is formulated expressing a uniform and linear relationship between detector response and sulfur concentration for the various types of sulfur compounds in : Howard Shertzer. Because sulfur is in the same group (6A) of the periodic table as oxygen, the two elements have some similar properties.

We might expect sulfur to form organic compounds related to those of oxygen, and indeed it does. Thiols A compound with an SH functional group. the majority of the remaining organic carbon is converted into new products, and the end result is a very complex mixture.

The organic compounds that contribute to the formation of petroleum, heavy oil, and bitumen are generated from finely disseminated organic matter in source Size: KB. This research program, funded by the Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy, Advanced Extraction and Process Technology, provides accurate experimental thermochemical and thermophysical properties for key'' organic diheteroatom-containing compounds present in heavy petroleum feedstocks, and applies the experimental information to thermodynamic analyses of key hydrodesulfurization.

Book: All Authors / Contributors: P Notes: "Limited to sulfur compounds which may occur in petroleum and to their properties, uses, and methods of removal from petroleum products References are given to the original publication [and to] the abstracts of the Journal of the Chemical society (London) to Petroleum (L.

petroleum, from Greek: Πέτρα(rock) + Latin: oleum (oil)) is a naturally occurring flammable liquid consisting of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights and other liquid organic compounds, that are found in geologic formations beneath the Earth's surface. Compounds. Sulfur forms compounds in oxidation states -2 (sulfide, S2-), +4 (sulfite, SO), and +6 (sulfate, SO).

It combines with nearly all elements. An unusual feature of some sulfur compounds re-sults from the fact that sulfur is second only to carbon in exhibiting catenation--i.e., the bonding of an atom to another identical atom.

@article{osti_, title = {Sulfur removal from hydrocarbons}, author = {Pearce, R L and Wolcott, R A}, abstractNote = {A method is described for treating liquid and gaseous hydrocarbon streams containing H/sub 2/S, CO/sub 2/ and COS to remove a substantial portion of the H/sub 2/S and COS, and slip a substantial portion of the CO/sub 2/ which comprises: contacting the hydrocarbon stream.

Here is the first volume to examine sulfur in fossil fuels from a geochemical perspective. It begins with six introductory chapters that present an overview of the material, historical background, and summaries of the present state of knowledge. Subsequent chapters cover: case studies of specific sedimentary environments; characterization of sulfur in selected coals and petroleums by various.

the DB-Sulfur SCD column was a useful tool for analysis of sulfur compounds. Introduction Petroleum gases and natural gas are well-established contributors to the world's energy needs. Monitoring sulfur compounds in these products is very important, not only to protect expensive catalysts and ensure product quality, but also to protect.

The Chemistry of Organic Sulfur Compounds deals with the chemistry of organic sulfur compounds such as thiocyanates, 1-alkynyl thioethers, thiols, and olefins.

Topics covered range from the mechanisms of Raney nickel desulfuration to olefin sulfide chemistry, desulfonylation reactions, and alkaline decomposition of aliphatic Edition: 1.

A procedure was proposed for determining total organic sulfur in petroleum products. The procedure involves the exhaustive hydrogenolysis of sulfur-containing compounds in an autonomous quartz flow reactor under a hydrogen atmosphere at ± 50°C with the trapping of the hydrogen sulfide formed in an aqueous solution of an alkali followed by the gas-chromatographic determination Author: B.

Stolyarov, I. Klimova, A. Kubusheva. This attractive volume presents the history, characteristics, and uses for that vibrant yellow element, sulfur. Commercial sulfuric acid production from the early 16th century until today is reviewed, spanning the Ancient and Renaissance periods, the Industrial Age (to which sulfur was vitally important), and the Sulfur War of The book introduces "the Sulfur Age" and the processes of.

I. Rubinshtein, Z. Kleimenova, and E. Sobolev, in: Methods of Analysis of Organic Compounds Present in Crude Oils and Mixtures and Derivatives of These Compounds [in Russian], Vol. 1, Izd Akad Nauk SSSR, Moscow (), p.

Google ScholarAuthor: V. Ryzhenko, A. Kotova, N. Buyanova, N. Nadirov. Tables and figures below show the liquid density at 20°C for different groups of organic sulfur compounds, compared to other kinds of organic classes as alkanes, alcohols, acids and density is shown as function of carbon number in the organic compounds.

Also, examples of the structures of the sulfur compounds thiols, dialkyl sulfides, methylalkyl sulfides, ethyl alkyl sulfides. Other sulfur compounds found in petroleum include mercaptans, organic sulfur complexes and dissolved elemental sulfur.

Sour natural gas contains hydrogen sulfide in widely varying concentrations, plus trace amounts of organic sulfur compounds such as mercaptans, carbonyl. The figures below show the boiling and melting point for organic sulfur compounds as sulfides, disulfides, thiols (mercaptans) and thiophenes, together with the molecular structures of the different compounds.

The table shows the same numbers together with the molecular weight and density, as well as the numbers of carbon, hydrogen and sulfur in the molecules. Petroleum (pronounced / p ə ˈ t r oʊ l i ə m /) is a naturally occurring, yellowish-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.

It is commonly refined into various types of ents of petroleum are separated using a technique called fractional distillation, i.e. separation of a liquid mixture into fractions differing in boiling point by means of.

Sulfur is a chemical element that is present in all living tissues. After calcium and phosphorus, it is the third most abundant mineral in the human body. Sulfur is also found in garlic, onions.exploration of the organosulfur chemistry of the genus Alli- um seemed justified as well as timely.

This review summa- rizes progress in this field both in my own and other labora- torie~.[~’ 2. Organosulfur Compounds of Intact Plants Well loved he garleek, oynons.

Organic Sulfur: The Missing Link to Regenerating Cellular Health, Boosting Immunity and Reducing Pain and Inflammation. By John C. Hammell. All of us are undergoing an unprecedented level of toxic assault from microwave radiation, GMO foods, herbicides/pesticides, toxic chemicals the FDA fraudulently allows to be put into food, personal care products and medication, and now more recently.